Eli

Eli
   Ascent, the high priest when the ark was at Shiloh (1 Sam. 1:3, 9). He was the first of the line of Ithamar, Aaron's fourth son (1 Chr. 24:3; comp. 2 Sam. 8:17), who held that office. The office remained in his family till the time of Abiathar (1 Kings 2:26, 27), whom Solomon deposed, and appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (35). He acted also as a civil judge in Israel after the death of Samson (1 Sam. 4:18), and judged Israel for forty years.
   His sons Hophni and Phinehas grossly misconducted themselves, to the great disgust of the people (1 Sam. 2:27-36). They were licentious reprobates. He failed to reprove them so sternly as he ought to have done, and so brought upon his house the judgment of God (2:22-33; 3:18). The Israelites proclaimed war against the Philistines, whose army was encamped at Aphek. The battle, fought a short way beyond Mizpeh, ended in the total defeat of Israel. Four thousand of them fell in "battle array". They now sought safety in having the "ark of the covenant of the Lord" among them. They fetched it from Shiloh, and Hophni and Phinehas accompanied it. This was the first time since the settlement of Israel in Canaan that the ark had been removed from the sanctuary. The Philistines put themselves again in array against Israel, and in the battle which ensued "Israel was smitten, and there was a very great slaughter." The tidings of this great disaster were speedily conveyed to Shiloh, about 20 miles distant, by a messenger, a Benjamite from the army. There Eli sat outside the gate of the sanctuary by the wayside, anxiously waiting for tidings from the battle-field. The full extent of the national calamity was speedily made known to him: "Israel is fled before the Philistines, there has also been a great slaughter among the people, thy two sons Hophni and Phinehas are dead, and the ark of God is taken" (1 Sam. 4:12-18). When the old man, whose eyes were "stiffened" (i.e., fixed, as of a blind eye unaffected by the light) with age, heard this sad story of woe, he fell backward from off his seat and died, being ninety and eight years old. (See Ithamar.)
   Eli, Heb. eli, "my God", (Matt. 27:46), an exclamation used by Christ on the cross. Mark (15:34), as usual, gives the original Aramaic form of the word, Eloi.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • ELI — (Heb. אֵלִי; (YHWH is) exalted ), a priest in the sanctuary of the Lord at shiloh during the period of the Judges (I Sam. 1:9). The father of hophni and phinehas , Eli s ancestry is not recorded in the Bible, but his two sons bear Egyptian names …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eli — or ELI may refer to:*Eli (אלי), a variant on the name of God as spoken in Hebrew and Aramaic. (The i suffix indicates first person singular possession, i.e., my El or my God ) [In Semitic languages, the al and el sounds are often merged, (as in… …   Wikipedia

  • Eli — bezeichnet: Eli (Vorname), ein kurdischer bzw. hebräisch jüdischer Vorname Eli (Stadt), eine israelische Siedlung im Westjordanland Eli (Priester), ein biblischer Priester, der den Propheten Samuel ausbildete. Eli (Drama), ein Drama der jüdischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • eli — eli·as·ite; eli·jah s; eli·quate; eli·qua·tion; eli·sion; py·eli·tis; eli·ot·ian; eli·ot·ic; …   English syllables

  • Eli — m 1 Biblical: from a Hebrew word meaning ‘height’. Eli was the name of the priest and judge who brought up the future prophet Samuel (1 Samuel 3). It was especially popular among Puritans in the 17th century. 2 Jewish: short form of any of… …   First names dictionary

  • Eli — Eli, Hoherpriester u. 40 Jahre lang Richter in Israel. Samuel wuchs unter ihm, bei dem Heiligthum dienend, heran. Elis Söhne, Hophni u. Pinehas, die auch Priester waren, beschimpften ungestraft vom Vater ihr Amt durch die gräuelhaftesten Thaten.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eli — war Hoherpriester zu Silo bei der Stiftshütte und 40 Jahre lang Richter in Israel, Vorgänger des von ihm erzogenen Samuel. Die freche Anmaßung seiner So me Hophni und Pinehas, von denen er sich seines hohen Alters wegen bei den priesterlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eli — Eli, Priester des Heiligtums zu Silo, wo Samuel ihm als Tempeldiener treu zur Seite steht, während E.s Söhne als entartete Priester erscheinen, die zur Strafe im Philisterkriege fallen, worauf E. vor Schreck stirbt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • ELI — Abreviatura de emisión de inducción libre. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Eli — • Discusses the Old Testament priest, and the New Testament father of Joseph Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Eli —   [hebräisch], in der Vulgata Heli, Priester am Heiligtum in Silo zur Zeit Samuels (1. Samuel 1 4), der Ahnherr eines israelitischen Priestergeschlechtes (Eliden), das unter König Salomo durch Zadok verdrängt wurde.   …   Universal-Lexikon

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